Fresh Turmeric as a powerful, natural anti-inflammatory

So April has arrived in the Lake District, a seasonal mix of snow flurries, arctic winds and rain.  And then, suddenly, just in time, an achingly beautiful day of yellow sunshine, bird song and daffodils.

I’ve washed my greenhouse until it sparkles, hauled wheelbarrows of delicious, wriggly compost across to my vegetable beds, pleaded with my roses and upped my wild bird feeding to daily top ups.

Today it was rain again, and all around me my patients are coughing and aching as another bad cold blows in.

Fresh turmeric shots to the rescue!

I spent the morning putting together a recipe for fresh turmeric shots to take into work with me, and hand round to anyone who would like one. Delicious, anti-inflammatoryvirus busting in tiny, daily glass-fulls

Turmeric has been used as a Chinese herb for thousands of years. It has a deep, penetrating, cooling and detoxifying quality and has strong anti viral and anti bacterial properties. It is particularly good for damping down chronic inflammation and soothing away aches and pains. In Chinese Medicine it is too cold to be used on it’s own, and is almost always combined with something that has naturally warming properties to protect the stomach. I’m using fresh ginger here to do the job, but if I were making a fresh turmeric tea then I might also use star anise (which would also help clear phlegm from the chest) or cinnamon. The carrot, apple and orange add in loads of anti oxidant vitamin C. If you’re worried about the rush of sugar from juicing in this way, then you could have something containing protein or  healthy oils at the same time as your juice shot. I had poached eggs with avocado. The oils and protein in the avocado and eggs slow down the absorption of sugar, and also help even more of the turmeric to be absorbed from the juice.

So here it is. You’ll need a juicer of some sort. You could try making it in smoothy form, but I think you’d be better off doing a sort of therapeutic soup if you did it in that way. I’ll  post a recipe for that later.

since this is a juice and lots of the best bits of fruit and veg are close to the skin or peel, try to use organic and keep the skin on. Just wash and scrub with a mild detergent, then rinse. If you can’t find organic, then you’d be better off peeling everything before juicing.

take

an apple (cored)

an orange (peeled)

a carrot

two large, whole pieces of fresh turmeric root

twice as much fresh ginger as turmeric eg a large thumb sized amount

put it all through a juicer (I used a masticating, slow juicer) introducing the softer pieces like the orange first, and the hard carrot chunks last to squeeze everything through.

It’s always best to have juice as fresh as possible, but juiced in this way, with such a high concentration of ant oxidants, and kept in the fridge in a sealed glass container, this juice will still be alive and kicking for the next three days!

 

 

A therapeutic, spicy, pumpkin soup to help eat up your pumpkins!

 

October 31st is here again and I’ve collected all my pumpkins into the safety of my green house before the first frosts.

It’s been a terrible year for growing pumpkins and all other Winter squash here in the Lake District. They thrive on late Summer sunshine and, although we had a beautiful Spring, July onwards rained more than I like to admit. The one squash that did well was a tromboncino, a beautiful squash that left the remains of my climbing bean supports draped in little, twisting, lime green trombones.

But Halloween has its needs, and I sacrificed two of my small collection of round squash to light up my clinic window for tonight. These, in the photo, are a delicious Rouge Vif d’Etampes and a little, blue Crown Prince.

Now both of these are far too tasty to throw away, so I’ve put together the recipe for the therapeutic, spicy, pumpkin soup that I’ve made with my pumpkin innards.

Here you go. Remember, the key with pumpkins is to do everything you can to add flavour. These two types of squash are sweet and nutty without too much help, but if you’re carving a big round American pumpkin, then up the quantities of spices a bit and keep tasting

  • Cut the top off your pumpkin and scoop out the innards with your hand (very gruesomely appropriate for Halloween!
  • scoop out the flesh with a spoon and knife, cut up the big chunks a bit, place on a baking tray with olive oil and salt and pepper and roast until it begins to brown. This step really helps boost the flavour.
  • Meanwhile slowly fry up four chopped red onions until caramelising.
  • Add four chopped garlic cloves, a half thumb sized, chopped piece of ginger,  the same amount of washed and grated fresh turmeric (or three teaspoons of dried turmeric powder) and continue to fry for a couple of minutes.
  • Add 3 chopped sticks of celery, three chopped, large carrots, a chopped, red pepper and a small red, chopped, chilli pepper. Stir, add a slosh of water to stop it burning and cook with the lid on and occasional shaking or stirring for 10 mins.
  • Add three teaspoons of marigold bouillon, three heaped teaspoons of baharat spice mix, one and a half litres of water and all the baked pumpkin (I hope you started with your biggest saucepan!)
  • Add a mug of red lentils and simmer for twenty mins.
  • Add 2 cans of chopped tomatoes, a slosh of red wine vinegar and a few handfuls of spinach or chard leaves and cook for another ten mins.

Whizz it before eating and grate some cheese on top when you serve. I like a blob of rose harrisa too.

So from a therapeutic point of view the squash is a fantastic Yin tonic, which is just what we all need for going forwards into Winter with our batteries fully charged! It’s packed with minerals and vitamins;  lots of immune-supportive vitamin A, folate, B6 and potassium as well as loads of free radical- scavenging vitamin C. The spices in the Baharat (one of my favourite spice mixes) are warming and help fend off Winter colds. The turmeric is anti inflammatory and the chilli and ginger balance its coolness to keep the soup warming. So delicious and good for you too.

Now off to squeeze into my Witches costume (Oh I’m in it already!)

 

Anti-inflammatory dinners

A photograph of a collection of home-grown squash.

Most people who know me suffer my obsession with pumpkins! It starts about now when the beauties are brought in from the garden, through Winter as I cook them, save the seeds then agonise over which to keep for growing the following Spring, Spring of course when the seeds are sown, and Summer when they are coaxed along with numerous  cunning tricks and treats!

It’s not actually just pumpkins. It’s courgettes, gourds, squash of all types (and marrows when the courgettes get away unnoticed and reappear a foot long!) I have to confess that marrows are my least favourite – but even they have some uses. Winter squash are my true obsession amongst which various types of pumpkin all rate highly!

Pumpkins are truly important in Chinese Medicine, and Autumn is their particularly useful time of year. In Autumn, Chinese Medicine predicts that people are especially vulnerable to lung and skin problems. It’s the season of coughs and colds; the start or worsening of phlegm related problems – sinusitis, asthma, rhinitis, vertigo and sickness. It’s also the season of eczema, psoriasis and all sorts of odd rashes and sores.

Pumpkins to the rescue! (or at least part of the rescue!). Pumpkins are sweet, round and (often) orange, which are all Spleen related attributes. In Chinese Medicine theory nourishing the spleen helps the Lungs et voila!
Plus, of course, they are packed full of an amazing quantity of vitamins and minerals and taste delicious. if this doesn’t sway you then their seeds also have a track history of curing worms, especially tape and round worm – see?!

I tested the anti fungal, viral, bacterial  and worm (slug actually in this instance) properties of pumpkins this Summer when I tragically caught a growing squash with the lawn mower.

After I had calmed down I brought out some pumpkin seed oil and swabbed my pumpkin’s wounds. I braced myself for disaster over the coming days –  but no! the squash grew on undeterred. The scars never regained the right colour but seemed to resist infection perfectly. The survivor is the beautiful green lobular pumpkin in the front row of the photo above.

At last! On to something useful! Here comes a recipe containing foods and herbs and spices which are medicinally therapeutic  from a Chinese Medicine perspective, and also makes a perfect anti – inflammatory dinner.

Heat up some oil –  Coconut oil is a good one to heat up and contains Lauric acid – good for infections.

cook some chopped onion in the hot oil until soft and a bit brown then add lots of chopped up veg and herbs and spices. You really don’t have to be too careful which, but if they’re denser like butternut squash, cook for a bit longer than leafy veg like broccoli or spinach. Here’s how;

Start with lots of chopped garlic, root ginger, fresh turmeric if you have it,
then add ground cumin, a few squashed green cardamom pods, ground coriander, crushed, chopped or dried chillies, depending on how hot you like things.
Add some marigold bouillon powder

next the veg;
I like to use winter squash (of course) cut into chunks, sweet potato, carrots
then add some or all of;
french beans, celery, broccoli, or cauliflower
then spinach, chard or pak choi
I like to add loads of chopped parsley

Add a little water and cook until the veg are nearly cooked through (this won’t take long)

Add a tin of coconut if you like it.

Bring back to a simmer

slide in some big chunks of fish. I like naturally smoked haddock – just boned.

cook until the fish is cooked through (about five to ten mins depending how big your chunks are)
Try not to break up the chunks of fish too much if you stir.

Delicious, easy, uses up all your veg left overs, and perfectly anti – inflammatory.

Don’t forget to keep your pumpkin or squash seeds for growing next year!

Ps I know its not right to have favourites, but the tastiest pumpkins are the grey lobular French ones if you can find one!

Anti-inflammatory lunches

A photo of a homemade anti-inflammatory lunch.

A few people have been asking for ideas for anti-inflammatory lunches, so here we are – this is for you!

It’s still amazingly warm here so I’m still having a version of coleslaw for lunch. More on this in a minute, but a quick Chinese Medicine note of caution; this is all raw which has some issues in Chinese medicine. It’s shredded very finely which makes it easier to digest, and I’m adding ginger and fresh turmeric root to increase its ant-inflammatory effect but stop it being too cold (the issue here is its rawness in Chinese Medicine rather than its actual temperature.)

As the weather gets colder and perhaps the rain finally comes back, I’ll swap to stir-fries and soups. A good plan if time is really limited is to cook extra amounts for the evening meal that you can take a portion in for lunch the following day.

In the meantime here’s how I’m making anti-inflammatory coleslaw;

As always I’m using things from my garden – the advantage being that then things are in season, and I’m working my way through those huge harvest gluts! If you don’t grow your own veg. then try to chose things that are in season as much as possible.

Im using courgettes, not too old or huge! perhaps one medium sized one,
4 carrots
4 medium sized beetroots
one eighth to a quarter of a whole cabbage depending on the size, with the tough centre cut out
1 thumb sized piece of ginger
same amount of fresh turmeric root

I’m finely peeling the roots or giving them a good wash and scrub, cutting them into chunks and feeding them into a food processor with the grater attachment fitted. This is a real discovery for me! It’s huge fun to use and grates things in seconds. You could do it by hand if you’re more patient than me or don’t have a food processor. If you put your turmeric in to grate this way then everything you use will turn yellow and stay that way for a very long time. I don’t mind, but you might!

Once I’ve grated everything I tip it into my biggest bowl.

Then I make a dressing from
hemp oil
pumpkin oil
olive oil
balsamic vinegar
I use about the same amount of each and the mix fills a mug.
I tip it onto my grated veg and mix it really well.

I keep this in a tupperware (a big one) in the fridge and it makes about 5 lunches or more.

When I’m ready to use it I mix it up again, put a big portion in a bowl and put a small handful oftoasted mixed seeds and nuts and a handful of chopped mixed dried fruit on it.

For the mixed nuts and seeds i use about equal amounts of;
almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, sesame seeds

I put them in a big baking tray and bake them until they just start turning brown (watch this – it can be quite quick and you definitely don’t want to burn them!)
After they’re cooked I add a smaller amount of linseed and keep the cooled mix in a tupperware for adding to things.

For the mixed dried fruit I use;
figs, dates, prunes, unsulphured apricots, mango, peach, and raisins

I cut up the bigger pieces with kitchen scissors, mix everything together, and that gets stored too for adding to my coleslaw and also to porridge.

Mixing these ready prepared things together is really easy for making lunch. I like to have a fewoatcakes with nut butter or avocado or tinned fish with it.

Get grating!

ps. the picture is of my latest batch of coleslaw. I didn’t realise that the beetroot was stripy white and pink inside until I’d grated it! Actually I think the usual red beetroot is nicer.

Anti-inflammatory muesli.

A photograph of a chicken on a table eating muesli.
A photo of muesli ingredientsA photograph of home made muesli

Photos of before, half way through and just in time afterwards when the hens spotted what I was doing!

Yesterday I was in Manchester so I dropped in on one of my favourite places – Unicorn, an amazing and fantastic whole food grocery which is run as a workers’ co-operative. Everything they sell is as local, ethical, organic and generally as saintly as  anything could ever be – and isn’t expensive.

Unicorn is a truly inspiring place and I came home laden with goodies. The first thing I’ve done this morning has been to put together a muesli which fits with the anti-inflammatory diet that I’m trying out. It took me a while to make but I’ve made loads and it really does taste delicious ‘though I say so myself! It doesn’t contain any added sugar or syrups and none of the flakes are malted, but the dried fruit keeps it tasting sweet The different grains give it a real creaminess too.

Here’s what I used – I’ll give the proportions in mug-fulls;

1 mug of porridge oats
1 mug of jumbo oats
Half a mug of rye flakes
Half a mug of puffed millet
Half a mug of millet flakes
Half a mug of puffed rice
Half a mug of rice flakes
Half a mug of barley flakes

Half a mug of toasted hazel nuts
Half a mug of pumpkin seeds
Half a mug of linseed
Half a mug of toasted almond flakes
1 mug of toasted coconut chips
Half a mug of whole almonds
Half a mug of whole sesame seeds
Half a mug of sunflower seeds

Half a mug of chopped prunes
Half a mug of chopped dried mango
Half a mug of chopped dried dates
Half a mug of chopped dried figs
Half a mug of chopped dried apricots
Half a mug of raisins

I bought the dried fruit whole and cut it into biggish pieces with kitchen scissors.

I mixed it all together, and that’s it! Yum!

If you’re thinking “surely that just looks like she put everything she liked the look of in her basket?”
You’d be completely right! I’m sure this would be fine with only half the ingredients but the important thing for me is that it really didn’t need sweetening. I was prepared to put some honey from my bees in with it, but it really doesn’t need it.

According to Chinese medicine principals it might be good to make this a bit easier to digest. To do this you could turn this into a Bircher style muesli by adding some fluid like soya milk, almond milk or just water the night before and leaving it to soften up before eating it for breakfast. Even better you could warm it up too  before eating it or cook it up like a porridge.

I like to add some fresh or stewed fruit and soya milk to mine. I’m making a stewed apple and blackberry compote at the moment. Again this doesn’t need any sugar adding.

You could also add some cinnamon especially as the weather turns colder. This is used as a Chinese herb for keeping the cold and damp out.

The anti-inflammatory diet and Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

A photograph of a woman holding a glass of milk.

Just a quick note for people with poly cystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

These anti-inflammatory dietary recommendations are perfect for you, especially in relation to stabilising your blood sugar levels, increasing your intake of high quality protein and keeping control of weight gain. This definitely isn’t a diet which aims at weight loss. You probably will find that, if you have a bit of weight to lose, it will gradually drop away, but don’t restrict your food intake – you’ll probably find that you need to eat much more than you’re used to.

There is lots of research showing that protein is important for egg development and quality. Milkis often recommended because the whey protein has the added advantage of boosting glutathione production (an important antioxidant). If you find that you don’t react to cows milk then you could try a small glass of milk a couple of times a day as part of a between meal snack, or you could try whey protein powder. I tend to prefer using foods as close to their natural state as possible, so perhaps try the milk first.

Anti-inflammatory breakfasts!

A photograph of porridge with dried fruit and nuts.

Anti-inflammatory breakfasts! Sounds very unappetising but actually they are one of the easiest to make and the ingredients which are best to aim towards suit breakfasts really well!

Perhaps the first thing to say is: “Have some breakfast!”

And that would almost do, except that it would be great not to just reach for toast and jam or most packet cereals!

I’ve made some kedgerees at weekends, (I’ve always loved kedgeree!), but most weekdays I wouldn’t have enough time so I opt for porridge, muesli or granola.

I’ve really struggled finding commercial muesli or granola which hasn’t got a depressing amount of added sugar hidden in it. Look out for malted flakes, puffed sweetened rice, crystallised of syrup enhanced dried fruit. These add up to a really high percentage of the overall carbohydrate content in many cereals.

Rude Health do a granola which is better on this front than most if you want a back up in the cupboard. The Dorset Cereal Company looked so good, but really let me down when I looked at the ingredients!

So I’m making my own or opting for home made porridge which is much more straight forward.

I’ll post a muesli and granola recipe next time but for now here’s my morning porridge recipe:

For just me I use half a mug of oats with a mug of water and a tiny bit of salt.

In the same saucepan and at the same time i put a handful of a dried fruit mix that I make myself.

This dried fruit mix lasts me for a week or so after I’ve made it. I chop up into largish bits, dried apricots (unsulphured), dried dates, figs, mango, peach, coconut, prunes and a few raisins, and anything else that hasn’t been treated with sulphur, syrup or glycerine and still looks nice!

I chop a fresh apple into the porridge mix (I’ve got a fantastic apple tree called Irish peach which produces perfect apples for this!) and cook everything until it starts bubbling and thickens up.

Admittedly this makes a huge portion but I almost always manage it, and if I don’t then the saucepan scrapings go to my hens who turn it into eggs – fantastic!

Which brings me to another perfect breakfast food of course – eggs!

Have lots of them, they’re lovely!

For my clients who might be pregnant, go carefully with eggs – just make sure they’re cooked through.

Happy breakfasting!

ps. Don’t drink a litre of water after this or you’ll explode, all you 2 litre water-drinkers!

Anti-inflammatory diet – to have and have not!

A photograph of a pumpkin growing

In Chinese Medicine there are lots of different underlying causes for inflammation. These would all require a different slant with any dietary recommendations.

What I’ve tried to do here is to identify a diet that would help reduce inflammation across the board.

Later on I’ll give some tips to customise things for different situations

So, here’s the list of things to avoid!

A photograph of a burger with onion rings.
Processed foods – the more processed a food is the more you’d want to avoid it. Most processed food uses the worst of available ingredients then disguises it with lots of fat, salt and sugar. Try to buy single ingredients. You can then chose yourself how to combine them,what to add and how much of it.

Sugar – you need to really look out for where this has been added, it’s often where you’d least expect it! I’ve been trying to find a muesli or granola which doesn’t contain added sugar in some form and it’s really difficult. Look out for dried fruit that’s been crystallised or soaked in syrup or sugar and flakes that have been malted. I’m making my own now or having porridge with added dried and fresh fruit.

Wheat – Hmm, I know it’s really difficult to avoid this with a Western diet, but once you’ve got the hang of doing things differently its really not so bad!

High gluten wheat is the worst-the sort of bread that stays in a lump if you squeeze it! Spelt is the best. I’m avoiding it altogether but having a bit of something I love at the weekends and this is often a croissant or pain au chocolate with a large cappuccino! Oh or a thick slice of buttered toast with honey because I‘ve collected my first ever honey from my bees this year!

Steer away from other wheat containing things like cous-cous and pasta. Look out for wheat being added as a thickener to things.

As always, you don’t have to be too austere!If you’re dying for some pasta or can only find a sandwich when you’re out, then have it! skipping a meal would be worse!

Chinese medicine is very clear on this point-going hungry is never a good thing if you can avoid it. Try to see it as, as unhelpful as overeating.

Dairy products – especially cow’s milk and cow’s milk products. Eggs are fine

What, no cheese?! ‘Fraid not!

Stimulants – like caffein, and alcohol. I’ve stopped tea and wine (except for some red wine at the weekend), but good coffee is my one big struggle! But I’m having some days without it and I’m never having more than one, and its mostly decaff!) I feel I could do better with this one!

Swap stimulants, screens (like computers, tablets and phones) and wine with nibbles for earlier nights most days (unless something exciting is calling you out of course!)

Bear in mind that you can have loads of:

Avocados, nut butters (crunchy almond and hazelnut are really nice), hummus, pulses, fish, lots of types of oat cakes and black bread, oats, quinoa, rice, all veg (I’m limiting potato and concentrated tomato), and all fruit, nuts and seeds, eggs, oils especially hemp, olive and pumpkin, sleep!

Good luck!

I’ll post some meal examples and other lifestyle changes that you could make to help things along next week!

Oh and for my clients who are struggling with fertility issues or going through IVF for whatever reason – this is all for you too! Especially keep up a higher than usual amount of good quality protein and aim to keep your blood sugar on a level.